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Wetland zone 1: Moist soils

http://www.gw.govt.nz/wetland-zone-1-moist-soils

Wetland zone 1: Moist soils

Updated 19 June 2014 2:28pm

Key to plant suitability:

1. Needs some exposure to the elements (frost, sun, wind and salt)

2. Tolerant of some exposure

3. Poor or no tolerance to exposure


 Species
Frost
Sun
Wind
Salt
Attracts birds
Height
Carex dipsacea

1

2

2

3

Yes

0.5m

Moderate-growing tussock-forming sedge. Can be used in pioneer plantings. Grows on the margins of swamps and on boggy river flats.

Carex flagellifera

1

2

1

1-2

Yes

0.5m

Fast-growing tussock-forming sedge. Pioneer species. Tolerant of brackish conditions.

Coprosma rigida

2

2

2

3

Yes

2m

Moderate-growing shrub. Pioneer species. Grows under kahikatea stands and other woody wetland vegetation.

Karamū
Coprosma robusta

1

1-3

1

2

Yes

3m

Fast-growing shrub with fibrous roots and bird-distributed seeds. Pioneer species. Eaten by rabbits but not possums. Can be grown from seed or cuttings.

Tī kōuka
Cabbage tree
Cordyline australis

1

1-2

2

2

Yes

12m

Fast-growing tree. Pioneer species. Hardy plant that tolerates wet and dry soils. Good erosion control.

Whekī
Dicksonia squarrosa

2

2

2

2

 

7m

Hardy moderate-growing fern. Pioneer species. Fibrous roots reduce erosion.

Pōkākā
Elaeocarpus hookerianus

2

2

2

3

Yes

15m

Moderate-growing tree with a spreading from. Prefers damp shady sites. Possum hardy. Can be grown from cuttings.

Koromiko
Hebe strica var. atkinsonii

1

2

1

2

Yes

2m

Fast-growing shrub. Pioneer species. Can be grown from cuttings or seed. Possum hardy. Intolerant of prolonged flooding.

Knobby clubrush
Ficinia nodosa

2

1

1

1

Yes

0.6m

Slow-growing sedge that spreads by rhizomes. Most common in coastal locations.

Kānuka
Kunzea ericoides

1

1

1

2

Yes

15m

Fast-growing tree. Pioneer species. Good for erosion control. Possum hardy. Intolerant of prolonged flooding.

Mānuka
Leptospermum scoparium

1

1

1

1-2

Yes

5m

Fast-growing hardy pioneer, useful as a nurse crop. Grows on a wide range of soils with low-medium fertility. Good habitat for insects.

Twiggy tree daisy
Olearia virgata

1

1

1

3

Yes

3m

Moderate-growing shrub. Pioneer species. Medium-high fertility soils. Good insect habitat.

Kaikōmako
Pennantia corymbosa

2

1

2

1-2

Yes

12m

Slow-growing tree. Pioneer species.

Harakeke
NZ flax
Phormium tenax

1

1-2

1

1-2

Yes

2.5m

Fast-growing hardy pioneer. Withstands 5cm of flooding as well as dry soils. Unpalatable to possums. Attracts nectar-feeding birds. Can be easily split into small fans or grown from seed.

Mānatu
Lowland ribbonwood
Plagianthus regius

1

1

2

2

Yes

12m

Semi-deciduous fast-growing tree. Pioneer species. Eaten by possums.

Tarata
Lemonwood
Pittosporum eugenioides

1

1

2

2

Yes

6m

Moderate to fast-growing shrub. Pioneer species. Possum-hardy. Bird-distributed. Good for erosion control. Will not tolerate very dry or waterlogged soils.

Kōhūhū
Pittosporum tenuifolium

1-2

1

2

2

Yes

6m

Moderate-growing shrub. Pioneer species. Possum-hardy. Bird-distributed. Good for erosion control. Will not tolerate very dry or waterlogged soils.

Tōtara
Podocarpus totara

1

2

1

3

Yes

30m

Moderate to fast-growing tree. Pioneer species. Possum-hardy. Good for erosion control. Will not tolerate waterlogged soils

Mataī
Prumnopitys taxifolia

2

2

2

3

Yes

30m

Slow-growing tree. Can be grown from seeds or cuttings. Tolerant of animal browsing.

Kōwhai
Sophora microphylla

1

2

2

2

Yes

10m

Moderate-growing semi-deciduous tree. Can be grown from seed or cuttings. Possum-hardy and useful for erosion control.