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Key local government legislation

Key local government legislation

Updated 16 October 2019 4:10pm


Local Government Act 2002 (LGA) 

The LGA establishes the framework for local and regional government in New Zealand. 

It deals with:

  • the purpose, powers and responsibilities of councils generally
  • the structure of local government
  • the planning, decision-making, consultation and accountability of councils generally
  • governance and management of local authorities
  • council-controlled organisations and council organisations
  • obligations and restrictions on local authorities
  • provisions relating to members of local authorities.
Local Government (Rating) Act 2002

The Local Government (Rating) Act (usually referred to as the Rating Act) provides the mechanisms or tools councils can use to collect rates. A significant proportion of all Greater Wellington Regional Council’s activities are funded by the collection of rates.

Local Electoral Act 2001

The Local Electoral Act sets rules in relation to the timing of local elections and the rights of individuals to vote at elections, stand for election and nominate candidates for election. The Act allows councils to choose between the Single Transferable Vote (STV) and First Past the Post (FPP) electoral systems for local elections. The Act also details the processes for determining local authority representation arrangements and enables polls to be held on the electoral system and Māori representation.

Local Government Official Information and Meetings Act 1987

The Local Government Official Information and Meetings Act 1987 (LGOIMA) sets out a list of meeting procedures and requirements. 

LGOIMA also promotes the open and public transaction of business at meetings and sets out the availability to the public of official information held by local authorities. Click here for more information on attending meetings and here for more information on official information requests.

Local Authorities (Members’ Interests) Act 1968

This Act regulates situations where a councillor's personal interests impinge, or could be seen as impinging on their duties as a councillor. It covers the making of contracts between local authorities and the members thereof, and to the restrictions on the actions of such members when matters in which they have a pecuniary interest are under consideration.

Biosecurity Act 1993

The Biosecurity Act 1993 provides a legal basis for excluding, eradicating and effectively managing pests and unwanted organisms. It is an enabling tool that provides a range of functions, powers and options for the management of risk organisms.

Resource Management Act 1991

The Resource Management Act 1991 (RMA) is founded on the sustainable management of natural and physical resources. It defines the functions and responsibilities of various authorities and persons on resource management issues. These include the relevant ministers of the crown and local authorities.

Land Transport Management Act 2003

The Land Transport Management Act 2003 was amended in June 2013. The amendments have revised the planning and funding framework for land transport activities, and established a new policy framework for planning and contracting public transport, making it more straightforward, less prescriptive and reducing compliance costs.